Everything you need to know about Fatty Liver and its type

The storing of excess fat in the liver results in the prevalent illness known as fatty liver disease. The majority of folks show no symptoms, and they don’t have any major issues. However, it occasionally can result in liver damage. The good news is that lifestyle adjustments may frequently prevent or even correct fatty liver disease.
Why does fatty liver disease occur?
Extra fat is formed in the livers cells and accumulates there in fatty liver disease. There are a number of factors that might be the cause of this fat gain. Alcohol abuse can result in AFLD. Heavy alcohol use can change several of the liver’s metabolic functions. Many of these metabolic byproducts have the potential to interact with fatty acids to create certain forms of fat that can build up in the liver. The etiology of fatty liver disease in those who don’t use a great deal of alcohol is poorly understood.
The several forms of fatty liver disease
Alcoholic and nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases are the two primary varieties.

1. Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD)
Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is the name for presence of hepatic steatosis the livers of light drinkers. MAFLD may be diagnosed if you have excessive fat in your liver and have no past of drinking heavily. Simple MAFLD is the name given to the disorder if there are no swelling or other problems.

2. Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD)
Abundant alcohol use harms the liver. The initial stage of alcohol-related liver damage is known as AFLD. Simple alcoholic fatty liver is the name of the disorder if there are no swelling or other problems.

3. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP)
When too much fat accumulates in the liver during pregnancy, it is known as AFLP. It’s a dangerous pregnancy issue that is uncommon. Genetics may have a role, albeit the precise cause is uncertain. AFLP often happens during the third trimester of pregnancy. It poses significant health concerns to the mother and child if left unchecked.

Causes of Fatty Liver:
For NAFLD: Insulin resistance, obesity, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, frequent weight loss, and a lazy lifestyle. For AFLD: High level of alcohol consumption from very long time.

● May not have noticeable symptoms in the early stages.
● With the disease progression, abdominal discomfort, fatigue, and jaundice may occur or felt.
What one should take care of to prevent himself from this disease?
● A build-up or depositing of fats in the liver.
● If one has a hereditary obesity, take care.
● High level of alcohol intake
● A high-fat diet
● Ultrasound
● CT scans, or MRI
● Liver function tests and blood tests
● Liver biopsy – it’s the most promising diagnosis.

Fatty liver can harm many organs in our body and hence may lead to some severe complications. One should avoid all such above elaborated risk factors. Fatty liver disease is a significant concern disease and a regular medical check-ups, healthy lifestyle, and early intervention can manage and prevent the conditions.

Posted in Liver Transplantation Surgery.

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