Everything you need to know about Fatty Liver and its type

The storing of excess fat in the liver results in the prevalent illness known as fatty liver disease. The majority of folks show no symptoms, and they don’t have any major issues. However, it occasionally can result in liver damage. The good news is that lifestyle adjustments may frequently prevent or even correct fatty liver disease.
Why does fatty liver disease occur?
Extra fat is formed in the livers cells and accumulates there in fatty liver disease. There are a number of factors that might be the cause of this fat gain. Alcohol abuse can result in AFLD. Heavy alcohol use can change several of the liver’s metabolic functions. Many of these metabolic byproducts have the potential to interact with fatty acids to create certain forms of fat that can build up in the liver. The etiology of fatty liver disease in those who don’t use a great deal of alcohol is poorly understood.
The several forms of fatty liver disease
Alcoholic and nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases are the two primary varieties.

1. Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD)
Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is the name for presence of hepatic steatosis the livers of light drinkers. MAFLD may be diagnosed if you have excessive fat in your liver and have no past of drinking heavily. Simple MAFLD is the name given to the disorder if there are no swelling or other problems.

2. Alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD)
Abundant alcohol use harms the liver. The initial stage of alcohol-related liver damage is known as AFLD. Simple alcoholic fatty liver is the name of the disorder if there are no swelling or other problems.

3. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP)
When too much fat accumulates in the liver during pregnancy, it is known as AFLP. It’s a dangerous pregnancy issue that is uncommon. Genetics may have a role, albeit the precise cause is uncertain. AFLP often happens during the third trimester of pregnancy. It poses significant health concerns to the mother and child if left unchecked.

Causes of Fatty Liver:
For NAFLD: Insulin resistance, obesity, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, frequent weight loss, and a lazy lifestyle. For AFLD: High level of alcohol consumption from very long time.

● May not have noticeable symptoms in the early stages.
● With the disease progression, abdominal discomfort, fatigue, and jaundice may occur or felt.
What one should take care of to prevent himself from this disease?
● A build-up or depositing of fats in the liver.
● If one has a hereditary obesity, take care.
● High level of alcohol intake
● A high-fat diet
● Ultrasound
● CT scans, or MRI
● Liver function tests and blood tests
● Liver biopsy – it’s the most promising diagnosis.

Fatty liver can harm many organs in our body and hence may lead to some severe complications. One should avoid all such above elaborated risk factors. Fatty liver disease is a significant concern disease and a regular medical check-ups, healthy lifestyle, and early intervention can manage and prevent the conditions.

How Eating Healthy Food Affects Your Liver Health?

A popular quote mentions that “Let food be thy medicine, thy medicine shall be thy food.” This saying is actually producing the facts because food is the best medicine for a healthy mind, body and soul. A strong and good health requires healthy food that includes a balanced diet. so, to acquire a good health there is a simple formula that says eat what you actually don’t want or that don’t appeal you because a healthy food is a bank account that stores all healthy things for you.

To keep you liver in good health, it requires a nutritious and balanced diet. You liver is a crucial organ for processing nutrients and filtering hazardous compounds from the blood. To keep your liver working properly, you need to take care of your health. Read this blog to know more about how eating healthy food affects our liver functioning.

Why should we have a  healthy diet?

Our body absorbs food nutrients such as carbs, fat, and protein into the bloodstream. These nutrients are taken to the liver, which metabolizes them before storing or using them to support critical physiological operations.

Furthermore, the liver cleanses potentially toxic compounds. Liver also purifies any potential toxin from our body

A well-balanced diet, commonly characterized as low in sugar and fat and high in fiber.

Selecting a diet from diverse foods is critical to ensuring the body receives all needed nutrients. Below are some of the food to avoid and eat to maintain your liver health.

What must be avoided to keep the liver healthy?

Fried/fast foods are heavy in fat and sugar and harm liver function. Furthermore, eating high-salt foods can cause fluid buildup and inflammation in the liver.

In severe liver injury, the organ cannot digest proteins effectively, resulting in a buildup of harmful byproducts in the blood. Reducing protein and boosting carbohydrate intake may be advantageous in such circumstances.

Because the liver is the primary organ for alcohol detoxification, limiting or restricting the intake of alcohol to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men can help to prevent liver damage. 

Coffee can help reduce abnormal liver enzymes.

Coffee daily may help prevent your liver against MAFLD. Caffeine appears to reduce the amount of aberrant liver enzymes in persons who are predisposed to liver disease.

Vegetables to prevent fat accumulation

Compounds present in spinach and various other leafy greens may aid in treating fatty liver disease. This could be because cooking spinach (and other leafy greens) may lower polyphenolic content and antioxidant activity.

Reduce your sugar consumption

Sugar is bad for your overall health and liver. This sugar will be changed into fat, harming your body. In the future, you could develop fatty liver disease. So, do your liver justice and limit your intake of sweets to once a week.

Green tea

It’s loaded with catechins, an antioxidant. According to Research, it could protect against certain types of cancer, particularly liver cancer. You’ll get additional catechins if you make your tea and drink it warm. Iced and ready-to-drink has substantially lower amounts.


Grapefruit provides antioxidants that support the liver. Grapefruit has two major antioxidants: naringenin and naringin.

Grapefruit is recognized to have two defensive effects: decreasing inflammation and preserving cells.

Fish can help lower inflammation and fat levels.

Omega-3 fatty acids are rich in fatty fish like salmon, sardines, tuna, and trout. According to Research, omega-3 supplementation may benefit patients with MAFLD by decreasing liver fat, increasing beneficial HDL cholesterol, and reducing the amount of triglycerides.

Additional treatment options for fatty liver disease

In addition to altering your food, the following lifestyle modifications can help strengthen your liver health:

  • Get moving. Exercise and a healthy diet may assist you to lose weight while controlling your liver illness. Aim for thirty minutes of aerobic activity.
  • Lower lipid levels in the blood. Reduce your saturated fat and sugar intake to help maintain your cholesterol levels in check. If eating and exercising aren’t cutting it, talk to your healthcare provider about medication.
  • Maintain diabetes control. Diabetes and fatty liver diseases are frequently found together. Both disorders can be managed with diet and exercise. If your blood sugar level remains high, a doctor may give medications to bring it down.


If you’re suffering from MAFLD, some lifestyle and nutritional changes may reduce the risk of causing severe damage. The best thing is to improve liver function, minimize illness risk, and support healthy weight managment is to eat a well-balanced, nutritional diet high in proteins, fiber, and good fats.

If you have MAFLD or are concerned that you might have it, consult with a trusted healthcare provider to develop a treatment plan involving dietary adjustments and lifestyle improvements.

Anup Gupta's Remarkable Act of Organ Donation

Anup Gupta’s Remarkable Act of Organ Donation

Anup Gupta, a resident of Gurgaon, defies personal tragedy to donate his mother’s liver following the recent loss of both his parents. This act highlights the crucial need for increased awareness and participation in organ donation in India.

Tragedy Strikes Twice: 

After losing his father, Ramesh Chand Gupta, on May 28, who had expressed a desire to donate organs, Anup Gupta faced another blow when his mother, Sarojini Gupta, was declared brain dead on June 21. This unexpected turn of events provides an opportunity to fulfill his parents’ wishes.


The Decision to Donate: 

Motivated by his father’s unfulfilled aspiration and informed about the organ donation process, Anup Gupta bravely decides to donate his mother’s liver, despite the profound trauma he has experienced.

A Mother’s Last Gift:

Anup Gupta's Remarkable Act of Organ Donation

Sarojini Gupta, aged 77, tragically suffers a severe brain hemorrhage and requires ventilator support. Despite the medical team’s dedicated efforts, her condition deteriorates, and she is ultimately declared brain dead. The liver is retrieved by the hospital team and transported to another facility for transplantation.

Successful Transplantation: 

On June 21, a skilled team of doctors at Apollo Hospitals successfully performed liver transplantation. Dr Neerav Goyal, the senior consultant for a liver transplant, reports that the recipient, battling liver disease, is now in stable condition and expected to be discharged within two weeks.
Liver Transplant International Dr Neerav Goyal

Implications and the Need for Organ Donation: 

This story underscores the significant gap between the number of patients awaiting transplants and the availability of organs in India. The National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation emphasizes the urgent need for heightened awareness and increased participation in organ donation to bridge this gap and save lives.


Anup Gupta’s selflessness amidst personal tragedy serves as an inspiration to others. By fulfilling his parents’ wishes through organ donation, he honors their aspirations and brings hope to those in need. This story underscores the transformative power of organ donation and emphasizes the critical importance of raising awareness and promoting participation in India.

Children Liver Transplants in India

The Inspiring Journey of Prisha: Overcoming Biliary Atresia at 6 Months Old

Biliary atresia is a rare and serious condition that occurs in infants where the bile ducts, both inside and outside the liver, are blocked. This blockage leads to liver damage and failure if not promptly treated. It is estimated to affect approximately 1 in 18,000 infants and is recognized as the most common reason for liver transplantation in children.

The Importance of Early Diagnosis and Treatment

Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial in biliary atresia to achieve the best possible outcome. It is essential for parents and caregivers to be aware of the signs and symptoms of biliary atresia, including jaundice, dark urine, pale stools, and poor weight gain. Detecting and addressing the condition promptly can significantly impact the child’s prognosis.

Prisha’s Diagnosis and Determination:

  • When Prisha was just 6 months old, she was diagnosed with biliary atresia. This diagnosis was devastating for her parents, as they realized the potential implications and challenges their daughter might face. The news spurred them to take immediate action and explore all possible options to save their daughter’s life.
  • Prisha’s parents were determined to do everything in their power to ensure her survival. After consulting with medical professionals, they made the difficult decision to proceed with a liver transplant as the most viable treatment option. This decision reflected their unwavering dedication and hope for their daughter’s future.

Challenges and Treatment:

  • Prisha’s parents sought the expertise of Dr Neerav, an award-winning surgeon specializing in gastrointestinal surgery and liver transplants. They chose to hospitalize Prisha in Delhi to access the necessary medical facilities and resources required for her comprehensive treatment.
  • Prisha’s journey was not without challenges. Due to her condition, she required nasogastric feeding to supplement her nutrition during the treatment process. Additionally, Prisha’s family faced financial constraints, but their story resonated with others, leading to generous donations that helped alleviate the burden.
  • The generous donations received from compassionate individuals and organizations played a significant role in making Prisha’s life-saving liver transplant possible. The outpouring of support demonstrated the collective goodwill and commitment to helping children like Prisha overcome their medical challenges.
  • In a remarkable act of love and sacrifice, Prisha’s mother selflessly donated a portion of her liver to save her daughter’s life. This act exemplified the extraordinary bond between a parent and child and showcased the profound impact that organ donation can have in restoring health and hope.

Road to Recovery:

  • Following the successful liver transplant, Prisha entered a phase of comprehensive medical management. This involved specialized nutrition to support her recovery and regular check-ups with her healthcare team to monitor her progress and ensure her continued well-being.
  • Thanks to the timely intervention and ongoing medical care, Prisha’s liver function gradually improved over time. The transplant provided her with a new lease on life, allowing her liver to regain its normal function and enabling her to overcome the challenges posed by biliary atresia.
  • Today, Prisha is a happy and healthy child, thriving after her battle with biliary atresia. Her remarkable journey showcases the resilience and strength of young patients and serves as an inspiration to others facing similar medical conditions. 

Inspiring Journey of Prisha  The Significance of Prisha’s Story:

  • Prisha’s story highlights the critical importance of early diagnosis and prompt medical intervention in improving the lives of children with biliary atresia. By raising awareness about the signs and symptoms of this condition, more children can receive timely treatment and have better chances of a positive outcome.
  • Prisha’s successful journey demonstrates that with proper care and ongoing medical management, children diagnosed with biliary atresia can lead healthy and fulfilling lives. It emphasizes the potential for these children to overcome their health challenges and achieve their full potential in various aspects of life.


Prisha’s journey stands as a testament to the resilience of young patients, the unwavering hope of their families, and the significant advancements in medical science that have made life-saving interventions possible. Inspiring Journey of Prisha’s story showcases the potential for overcoming adversity and serves as an inspiration to others facing similar medical challenges.

Children Liver Transplants in India

Liver Transplants in Children: Unique Considerations and Challenges

Liver transplants in children present unique considerations and challenges that require specialized care and expertise. In India, where liver transplantation programs have seen significant advancements, addressing these factors becomes crucial. Here are some key considerations and challenges specific to liver transplants in children in India:

Pediatric Transplant Expertise:

Opting for a pediatric liver transplant requires a specialized team experienced in pediatric hepatology and transplant surgery. Look for transplant centers with dedicated pediatric liver transplant programs and experienced pediatric hepatologists, transplant surgeons, anesthesiologists, and nursing staff who understand the specific needs of children.

Donor Availability:

The availability of suitable organ donors for pediatric liver transplants can be a challenge. Due to the scarcity of pediatric deceased donors, living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is often preferred, where a portion of the liver is transplanted from a living donor, typically a family member. Choosing a center with expertise in LDLT and a well-established living donor program is essential.

Liver Transplants in Children

Pre-transplant Evaluation and Waiting List:

Thorough evaluation of the child’s condition, including liver function, associated medical conditions, and compatibility with potential donors, is crucial. Placement on the waiting list for deceased donor liver transplantation is based on a scoring system known as the Pediatric End-Stage Liver Disease (PELD) score. Understanding the evaluation process and waiting list management at the chosen transplant center is important.

Pediatric-Specific Transplant Techniques:

Pediatric liver transplantation requires surgical techniques tailored to the size and unique anatomy of children. Centers specializing in pediatric liver transplants are adept at using reduced-size grafts, split liver transplants, or other innovative surgical approaches to ensure optimal outcomes for pediatric recipients.

Post-Transplant Care and Follow-up:

Post-transplant care and long-term follow-up play a vital role in the success of pediatric liver transplants. Pediatric transplant centers should provide comprehensive care, including immunosuppression management, nutritional support, psychosocial support, and monitoring for potential complications unique to children, such as growth issues and developmental delays.

Affordability and Accessibility:

The cost of pediatric liver transplantation and post-transplant care can be a significant concern for families. While several government schemes and insurance options may help alleviate the financial burden, it’s crucial to assess the affordability and accessibility of the chosen transplant center and discuss the financial aspects with the hospital and insurance providers.

Multidisciplinary Care:

The success of pediatric liver transplants relies on a multidisciplinary approach involving hepatologists, transplant surgeons, anesthesiologists, intensivists, nutritionists, psychologists, and social workers. The chosen center should have a cohesive team with expertise in pediatric liver transplantation and effective communication among team members for seamless coordination of care.

Support Networks:

Consider seeking out transplant centers with established support networks, including patient support groups, where families can connect with other transplant recipients and share experiences. These networks can provide emotional support, guidance, and valuable insights throughout the transplant journey.

It is important to research and consult with multiple transplant centers in India, considering their expertise, experience, success rates, and patient testimonials. Seeking recommendations from pediatricians, pediatric hepatologists, and other families who have undergone pediatric liver transplantation can also provide valuable insights. Ultimately, selecting a center with a dedicated pediatric liver transplant program and a comprehensive approach to care can help maximize the chances of a successful transplant and improved long-term outcomes for children.

How to Keep the Liver Healthy During Tb Treatment

How to Keep the Liver Healthy During Tb Treatment?

Even though active tuberculosis requires a lengthy course of treatment, which can last up to a year of regular antibiotics, you can assist yourself in feeling good sooner and aid your body in fighting the illness by ensuring you’re eating the correct nutrients. More than ever before, your body requires wholesome nourishment.

Individuals who are underweight or malnourished have a higher risk of contracting tb and are more susceptible to recurrence after treatment. Your body has to be as strong as possible to protect itself against those nasty tuberculosis bacteria because malnutrition lowers immunity.

Malnutrition gets worse as active tb spreads, which in turn encourages poor nutrition. Therefore, you must properly nourish your body to keep it ready to fight TB.

It is a silent disease: tuberculosis.

Death by tuberculosis is silent. Due to a lack of signs, a physician may be oblivious that he has the disease. A diagnosis may not be made for many years. This is a medical ailment that has an impact on your lungs. The bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the cause of the contagious disease tuberculosis. The signs and symptoms of asthma include a chronic cough, chest pain, exhaustion, fever, shivers, night sweats, unintentional weight loss, and breathing difficulties.

In addition to your lungs, tb can harm your spine, kidneys, or brain. You will see blood in your stool if TB has harmed your kidneys. You will feel back discomfort if it has impacted your spine.

How does TB affect dietary habits?

Someone with TB must take their medicine promptly and regularly. Diet, though, also has a significant impact on healing and recovery. You are not required to eat unique and organic foods. Consuming wholesome, nutritious meals is what makes it easier to fight off this bacterial infection. TB produces pathophysiological alterations that might contribute to undernourishment. As a TB patient, you decrease your appetite since TB impairs your body’s capacity to synthesize protein. This causes nutrient deficiencies and weight loss due to muscle loss, slightly overweight, and finally, weight.

Guidelines for a TB patient’s healthy and beneficial diet

For patients to beat the illness, a macro- and micronutrient-rich diet is crucial. Essential amino acids in protein-rich foods like dairy, eggs, soy, or tofu can help strengthen your body’s defenses against TB bacteria. These food groups assist with building muscles and battling weariness. Also, they offer the stamina to continue one’s normal activities during therapy and rehabilitation.

How to Keep the Liver Healthy During Tb Treatment

Ways to boost the protein level of your food:

Fruit milkshakes can be a tasty and wholesome way to jumpstart your day’s energy.

Whole grains, cereal grains, and millet, high in calories and carbohydrates, can give your body the energy to fight off infection-causing bacteria.

Ideas for delectable, healthful meals include a khichdi dish with rice, lentils, and fresh veggies.

A nutritious porridge made with rice or semolina balls.

Vitamin depletion brought on by the illness and its treatment can be replenished with fruits and vegetables high in vitamins A, B, C, and E 5. Foods contain antioxidants, which help your body eliminate pollutants and give you the strength you require. These potent antioxidants also assist in reducing the negative effects of excessive medicine dosages and disease-causing free radicals.

Fruity meals are simple to prepare!

A bowl filled with various fruits, including guava, mango, apple, banana, grape, and orange.

The liberal use of fresh tomatoes as a culinary and food preparation item.

A chicken breast or fish fillet that has been cooked to perfection and is served with steamed or cooked broccoli.

Meals that provide the body with extra minerals like iron, copper, and selenium are also crucial for TB patients’ nutritional profiles.

Being Healthy While Having Active TB

It may be challenging to eat well due to the negative effects of several medications prescribed for treating active tuberculosis. You could have the following side effects from some medications: loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal cramps.

You can’t stop taking your anti-TB medications, so discuss how to lessen the side effects with your doctor.

Please make every effort to provide your body with the nutrients required to keep a healthy weight, develop the strength to eradicate tuberculosis germs, and lessen your risk of relapsing. You’ll recover more quickly if you eat a healthy diet and avoid bad habits.

Things to Avoid If You Have Active TB

There are some foods and chemicals you shouldn’t be using, as is always the situation for optimum health.

  • Avoid any tobacco products.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol since it may raise the likelihood of liver failure from some TB medications.
  • Keep coffee or other caffeinated beverages to a minimum.
  • Refined foods like sweets, white bread, or white rice should be avoided.
  • Steer clear of red meat, which is full of fat and cholesterol, and fill up on lean protein sources such as poultry, legumes, soy, and fish.


Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria cause the lethal common infectious disease called tuberculosis. Globally, almost ten million individuals have active TB. While being contagious, TB is difficult to spread from one person to another. Although it mostly harms the lungs, it also harms the kidneys, brain, and nervous system. TB is entirely treatable and avoidable. The disease tuberculosis is treatable and avoidable. A good diet, proper mouth protection, and the TB vaccine can prevent TB. For more information, Consult Today with doctor.

Dr Neerav Liver Transplant Surgeon

Liver Transplant Procedure in India for foreigners

A dysfunctional liver has a significant effect on the rest of your body. The organ carries out hundreds of essential functions, from assisting with food digestion to removing dangerous toxins from your blood. You might need a liver transplant procedure to repair your failing liver if the problem is serious enough.

We have information for you if you want to learn more about liver transplants in India or why it’s the best country for foreigners. So let’s get this conversation started.

When Is A Liver Transplant Necessary?

There are numerous reasons for liver disease to be serious enough to necessitate a liver transplant. Cirrhosis is the most frequent cause of liver transplants in adults. In cirrhosis, a prolonged insult to the liver causes it to steadily degrade and malfunction. Scar tissue takes the place of healthy liver tissue, partially restricting blood flow through the liver. Drinking, autoimmune liver illnesses, fat deposits in the liver, genetic diseases, and viruses like hepatitis B and C can all lead to cirrhosis.

Many persons with liver cirrhosis from binge drinking also require a liver transplant. Some of them will often experience considerable improvements with alcohol abstinence and problem management for six months, and these individuals may live for extended periods without a transplant. Liver transplantation is the only option for people with severe liver disease when long-term abstinence and medical care don’t improve their health.

What Makes India the Best Country for Liver Transplant Surgery for Foreign people?

We all know that India is quickly becoming a center for medical tourism for all types of healthcare services, making it possible for many Indian hospitals to accept patients from throughout the globe. Indian hospitals are taking advantage of the chance to provide the best medical care for those in need.

A liver transplant in India has several wonderful advantages, including:


India is primarily recognized for its accessibility. The rupee’s position on the international market is the main factor influencing India’s affordable healthcare. It has changed the liver transplantation trend in India. The best hospital and liver transplant facilities are less costly than any hospital or institution in other wealthy countries.

Knowledge and Experience of Indian Physicians

Patients from industrialized countries like the US, UK, France, etc., hold doctors from India in high regard. They meet the needs of individuals and are recognized as some of the best in the world.

Create Facilities of the Highest Quality

Indian hospitals are comparable to those in developed countries. They are expanding continuously to compete with hospitals from wealthy countries. As we all know, a liver transplant needs specialist equipment and is a highly technical surgery, both of which Indian hospitals can provide.

Use modern technology

The most modern Indian hospitals have their own research centers and equipment and constantly search for ways to enhance patient care. Moreover, Indian medical facilities use the most recent diagnostic and treatment equipment for liver transplants. They also have no concerns about using the newest liver transplantation innovation.


A liver transplant surgery removes a sick liver and implants a healthy one in its place. Around 38 years have passed since such operations began. Some liver transplant recipients go on to have completely normal lives.

What Disqualifies You From A Liver Transplant

What Disqualifies You From A Liver Transplant

A liver failure would be exceedingly harmful because the liver performs vital synthesis, heat generating, filtration, and regulating functions. At the turn of the century, a few mechanical liver devices were being created for support therapy before liver transplantation.

A liver transplant operation involves removing a sick or injured liver and replacing it with a healthier one.

It is typically advised when the liver is severely damaged and unable to carry out its regular duties; which is termed as a liver failure or an end-stage liver disease.

Alcohol, sickness, and infections can all cause the liver to deteriorate gradually. The scarring of the liver brought on by this injury is called cirrhosis. Additionally, liver tissue inflammation and degeneration can result in a liver failure that happens very quickly (Necrosis).


Effects of liver transplant

A transplanted liver segment can reach its full size in a few months since the liver is the unique part of the human body that can regenerate or grow again. A diseased or damaged liver from one person is surgically removed and replaced with a whole or part of a healthy liver from another person, known as a donor, during a liver transplant. For people, liver transplantation is not an option.


Non Eligible criteria for liver transplants

  • Here is the list of who is considered as the reason which disqualifies individuals from liver transplants.
  • Older than 65 and suffering from another major illness.
  • With severe organ damage brought on by diabetes.
  • With extreme satiety.
  • With severe and ongoing liver conditions like hepatitis B.
  • Who is now using drugs and alcohol?
  • Whose infection is severe or uncontrollable (Human Immunodeficiency Virus [HIV]).
  • Who has been identified as having solid cancers such as lymphomas, bone, bile duct, and plasma-type cancer?
  • Accompanied by the failure of organs other than the liver.
  • With a sickness or brain injury that is irreparable.
  • With severe, incurable heart, liver, and lung conditions.
  • Who has a portal vein thrombosis diagnosis (PVT)? It is a vascular condition of the liver that develops whenever a blood clot forms in the central portal vein, which can cause the portal vein tract to become more influenced and ultimately causing reduction in the amount of blood reaching to the liver.
  • Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) – HRS is a form of progressive kidney impairment most frequently brought on by cirrhosis in persons who have experienced extensive liver damage. The body starts to accumulate toxins as the kidneys quit working. This eventually results in liver failure.
  • Along with pulmonary hypertension, it is a disorder where the blood pressure in the arteries that supply the lungs is elevated. Difficulty breathing, syncope, fatigue, chest pain, swollen legs, and a rapid heartbeat are among the symptoms.
  • Exercise could be strenuous because of the condition.
  • In the case of autoimmune illnesses (multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.).

liver transplant international

Eligible criteria for liver transplants

  • The following is the list of folks who are eligible for liver transplants.
  • A patient will never be considered a transplant candidate based on race, gender, religion, national origin, ethnicity, or sexual orientation.
  • Since a liver transplant requires serious surgery, a patient must meet several requirements, including:
  • A liver transplant may boost a patient’s quality of life.
  • The patient shouldn’t have any other illnesses that are incurable or make it unlikely that they will survive the transplant procedure.
  • All alternative medical or surgical treatments have either failed or are not the best option for the patient.
  • The patient and their support networks (family and friends) are aware of and willing to accept the risks of receiving a liver transplant.
  • The patient’s support network is fully dedicated to and complying with what is required before and following the transplant to ensure the procedure’s success.
  • This would entail having access to money for the transplant process, drugs used after the transplant, and other healthcare expenses.
  • The patient financial liaison and social worker can help the patient identify alternative means of paying for their care.

Liver transplant indications

  • The following are some liver transplant indications:
  • The patient has sudden onset liver failure.
  • The patient has long-term cirrhosis, a liver ailment.
  • The individual has a liver condition that could cause death or lower quality of life.
  • The patient received therapies, but they were unsuccessful.
  • The patient has conditions such as primary biliary cirrhosis, biliary atresia, and primary sclerosing cholangitis that impair the bile ducts, which are the tubes that transport bile away from the liver. The most frequent cause of a pediatric liver transplant is biliary atresia.


The success of liver transplants primarily depends on the donor’s livers; choosing a suitable donor is crucial for liver transplantation. While all the information is provided, not everyone qualifies for this process. There are requirements for this procedure.

Liver Transplant Survival Rate by Age

A liver transplant sometimes referred to as a hepatic transplant, can help you live longer if your liver has rendered inoperable. Your entire liver must be surgically removed as part of the procedure. The liver is then entirely or partially transplanted with a normal healthy liver. Either a living or dead donor may have provided this.

Since your liver is in charge of filtering blood and getting rid of waste from your body, it is crucial to have a good liver if you want to live a long time. Liver transplantation is a last-resort option for severe acute and chronic liver disorders.

Liver Transplant Survival Rate by Age By Dr. NEERAV GOYAL

Statistics on Liver Transplantation Success

A study found that those who received a liver transplant had an 89% chance of surviving after a year. 75% of people survive after five years. Sometimes the underlying disease can recur, or the transplanted liver may malfunction.

Your doctor should continue to check on your progress even after the transplant to identify any issues. You’ll probably require routine blood tests. You will also require lifelong antirejection medicine use, as per Johns Hopkins.

The Rationale behind Liver Transplants

Based on the American Liver Foundation, about 8,000 liver transplant operations are carried out annually in the U.s.

A physician might advise a liver transplant if a patient has end-stage liver problems. Without transplantation, a person with this ailment will pass away. If numerous liver disease treatments fail to keep a person alive, a doctor may also advise a liver transplant. In cases of severe liver failure or chronic liver illness, liver transplantation may be a possibility. The most frequent cause of adult liver transplantation is cirrhosis. Alcohol misuse, chronic hepatitis B or C, non-alcoholic fatty liver illness, and autoimmune hepatitis are among the factors that contribute to cirrhosis.

When deciding if you require a liver transplant, your healthcare practitioner will also consider other aspects. These consist of the following:

  • Your general physical health, mental health
  • The complexity of your disease
  • Any coexisting medical disorders you have
  • A history of persistent infections like HIV
  • The level of assistance you receive from family and friends.

Before approving a liver transplant, a doctor considers how successfully the procedure will extend the patient’s life. If a person has other chronic diseases that could compromise the success of a transplant, they might not be a good candidate for one.

Two examples are individuals with severe cardiac issues or cancer that has progressed to other body parts. Another illustration would be evaluating a person’s capacity to stop drinking if they have cirrhosis brought on by alcoholism as a component of the transplant preparation.

Mortality Rates

It is hard to predict a person’s chances of receiving a functioning liver transplant and how much they will live after one due to a number of complex factors.

Despite the high success and life span of liver transplantation, a patient’s likelihood of leading a healthy life after the procedure depends on a number of crucial factors.

BMI and age

Age and BMI are critical variables affecting the survival rates following liver transplantation. Long-term life expectancy was shown to be worse in older individuals and those with BMIs over average and who were classified as overweight in a 2017 report.

Liver Transplant Survival Rate by Age By Dr. NEERAV GOYAL

Why the liver fails?

A 2013 study found that the reason for liver failure may also affect how well a liver transplant works. According to the study’s findings, children and adults with liver failure brought on by genetic factors fared better than those whose diseases were brought on by infections or unhealthy lifestyles.

Seeking A Donor Match

Seeking a liver donor can be complicated, stressful, and drawn-out. When a patient is given the go-ahead for a liver transplant, their physician will contact the non-profit UNOS and request that the patient’s name be placed on the country’s waiting list for organ donors. For some people, the wait for liver donor compatibility can last up to five years or more.


After surgery, the majority of patients stay in the ICU for one or two days. They will keep using a ventilator to help them breathe, and they will be regularly checked to make sure the new liver is working well.

Furthermore, immunosuppressant (antirejection) medications will be given to them in order to prevent their bodies from destroying the liver of the donor. Immunosuppressive drugs must be taken for the rest of a person’s life if they have received an organ transplant. When they believe they are ready, medical staff will transfer the patient from the intensive care unit to a standard hospital room. After receiving a liver transplant, a patient must remain in the hospital for roughly two weeks before being released to go home.


Liver transplants are often risk-free procedures with high survival rates. However, a number of factors might impact a person’s chances of a successful procedure and determine how long they live thereafter. Their overall health, manner of life, and other circumstances are included in these variables.

After a liver transplant, recovery can take between three and six months before the patient can resume regular activities.


Artificial Liver Support Systems

The liver is a complicated organ that carries out crucial synthesis, heat generation, purification, and regulating tasks; failure would be extremely dangerous. A few artificial liver devices started to be developed at the turn of the 20th century to be used as supportive treatment before liver transplantation.

It would be impossible to discover a suitable substitute for all the duties carried out by the liver. An affected patient’s body gets toxic when their liver fails. Acute liver failure will only take a few hours to progress into a life-threatening disease that affects all of the body’s cells. Even the brain won’t be able to perform at its best.

The only choice for treating many people with liver failure is liver transplantation, but due to a lack of donors, just one in twenty of these patients receives one.

What do synthetic liver support systems entail?

For those with acute liver failure, artificial liver support devices are becoming a more popular treatment.

 A dangerous illness with a higher mortality and morbidity rate is ALF. Hepatitis A or E or drug-induced damage are the two primary causes of ALF. Another disorder that impairs liver function and has a high death rate is ACLF.

For both ALF and ACLF, transplant is the only effective therapeutic option. Researchers have created additional therapeutic methods due to the poor success rate of transplants and the scarcity of donors.

Artificial liver supports are one such strategy. Between the time a donor becomes available and the time the patient’s liver function returns to normal, these can sustain the patient with ALF or ACLF.

Liver function

The liver is a flexible organ that performs several crucial tasks. It interacts with practically every organ system in the body, makes up around 2% of a patient’s body weight, and has a variety of purposes.

The following are a few of the liver’s key tasks:

  • Bile production: This aids in the assimilation of several vitamins and lipids.
  • Synthesis of blood plasma: The liver does this by creating certain proteins.
  • Producing cholesterol also results in the synthesis of unique proteins that aid in moving fats throughout the body.
  • The body can store extra glucose and turn it back into glucose for power when needed by turning it into glycogen.
  • Bilirubin, a yellowish component in bile, is produced due to the disintegration of red blood cells.
  • Eliminating medicines and toxins from the bloodstream The liver assists in removing poisonous and damaging compounds from the blood.
  • Additionally, it controls blood coagulation by manufacturing specific plasma proteins.

Cheaper medical care

Patients with chronic illnesses require close observation, specialized care, and recurrent hospital admissions. Because it is challenging to have this condition and hold down a career simultaneously, they frequently have a low quality of life.

Since individuals with liver failure have complicated clinical signs, including aberrant blood parameter readings, monitoring them requires specialized abilities. They must consequently have access to experts who can evaluate their medical needs. The d-LIVER initiative aims to lessen the significant economic strain that patient care places on society.

liver's key tasks- Artificial Liver Support Systems

Blood circulated through the liver

The researchers are currently working on building an artificial liver component outside of the body rather than an artificial liver inside the body. In it, cells from pigs or people survive, develop, and carry out the functions of liver cells. The reactor resembles an “incubator,” allowing the cells to increase in a three-dimensional framework.

It guarantees that the environment is suitable for the liver cells to operate well. The reactor needs to be able to regulate the temperature and deliver the proper amounts of nutrients and oxygen to each cell.

Patients experience acute liver failure, which causes waste materials to accumulate in the body and cause crisis moments. This frequently occurs when individuals have illnesses or colds, which a healthy liver is more than capable of handling.

Until they recuperate and their liver function is adequate to keep the body functioning, liver patients may benefit from therapy with an artificial liver.

Prevention is as crucial.

If we can figure out how to tell when a liver patient is starting to experience issues, we might be able to stop these issues in their tracks by altering their medical care. This is beneficial for the patient because it allows them to prevent the worst crises while being less costly and simpler for the healthcare system. For this reason, it’s critical to recognize the earliest indications that a liver isn’t working properly.

The researchers are creating wearable sensors that individuals can use to monitor their physical state and exercise since the homeostasis of the liver is directly linked to illnesses and a weakened immune system.


Support networks for acute and acute-on-chronic liver problems include artificial liver therapy. They might enable the restoration of liver function or act as a stopgap measure before a liver transplant. To prevent significant complications, it’s crucial for people who exhibit signs of acute liver illness or liver failure to speak with a physician as soon as possible.